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The COOL Online Act updates our labeling laws for the online era

WASHINGTON, D.C. – U.S. Senators JD Vance (R-OH) and Tammy Baldwin (D-WI) have introduced bipartisan legislation to ensure that all goods sold online list their country-of-origin in order to protect Americans’ right to know where the products they buy are made and promote American-made goods for online shoppers.
Unlike products sold in-person, products sold online are not currently required to disclose their country-of-origin. The Country of Origin Labeling (COOL) Online Act would increase transparency online by updating our labeling laws for the e-commerce era so online shoppers have the same access to country-of-origin and seller location information that in-person shoppers do. In addition to Senators Baldwin and Vance, the legislation is also cosponsored by Senators Rick Scott (R-FL), Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Josh Hawley (R-MO), and Mike Braun (R-IN).

 “The American people deserve to know where the products they buy are made, regardless of whether they’re shopping in-store or online,” said Senator Vance. “Our legislation would close a legal loophole by extending current, commonsense labeling requirements to e-commerce. With this proposal, we can give American consumers the confidence that their online purchases support American workers and industry.”

“Whether we buy things online or in-store, Americans have a right to know if the product they are purchasing was made in America, by American workers,” said Senator Baldwin. “I’ve heard from Made in Wisconsin businesses across the state who work hard to innovate and create new products, only to have cheaper, lower quality imitations sold online with no requirements to identify themselves as foreign-made. I am proud to join my Democratic and Republican colleagues to fix our outdated country-of-origin labeling laws to promote transparency for shoppers and boost American manufacturers, businesses, and workers.” 
E-commerce’s share of total retail sales has been steadily increasing each year, and the pandemic only accelerated that trend. As e-commerce grows, it will pull more sales from brick-and-mortar retail locations, making big companies bigger, while threatening small businesses and mom-and-pop stores nationwide and leaving Americans increasingly unsure about where products are made. According to a November 2022 poll, 79 percent of Americans believe online retailers should be required to provide the same country-of-origin information as in-person retailers, and 81 percent would purchase more American-made goods if they could.
The COOL Online Act will update our labeling laws for the e-commerce era by amending the Federal Trade Commission Act. Specifically, the bill requires:

  • The country-of-origin labeling for a product, as required by existing law, be clearly and conspicuously stated in the website’s description of the product
  • Clear disclosure of the country in which the seller of the product is located in the online product listing.

The COOL Online Act is supported by the Coalition for a Prosperous America, the Alliance for American Manufacturing, and American Compass. 
“The Coalition for a Prosperous America fully supports enactment of the Country of Origin Labeling Online Act, or COOL Online Act, sponsored by Senators Tammy Baldwin and JD Vance. Consumers have a right to know where the products they purchase on the Internet are made and where the seller is located – and to know this when they buy them, not when they show up on their doorstep,” said Michael Stumo, CEO of Coalition for a Prosperous America. “By requiring this information in Internet sales, the bill will help consumers protect themselves against unsafe, counterfeit and shoddy goods, and, if they choose, to purchase products made in America. CPA urges the bill’s enactment into law.”
“We applaud Senator Tammy Baldwin and Senator JD Vance for introducing the Country of Origin Labeling Online Act. By giving online shoppers information about where a product is being made and where the seller is located, consumers will be well-positioned to support the U.S. economy and create more jobs for American workers. It is long overdue that Congress close this loophole and we are grateful to Senators Baldwin and Vance for leading the way,” said Scott Paul, President of the Alliance for American Manufacturing.
“The foolish economic theory that it doesn’t matter where things are made, or whether America makes anything at all, has done great harm to the United States. Americans want to know where the things they buy come from, and to buy from America when they can. That’s no less true when they shop online, and Senators Vance and Baldwin are right to insist that clear labeling provides the needed information,” said Oren Cass, Executive Director of American Compass.
More information on the COOL Online Act is available here. Text of the legislation is available here.